Thursday, June 1, 2017

Digital India Scheme of India

Digital India was launched by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 1 July 2015 with an objective of connecting rural areas with high-speed Internet networks and improving digital literacy.The vision of Digital India programme is inclusive growth in areas of electronic services, products, manufacturing and job opportunities etc. and it is centred on three key areas – Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen, Governance & Services on Demand and Digital Empowerment of Citizens.

The Digital India programme is a flagship programme of the Government of India with a vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.

E-governance initiatives in India took a broader dimension in the mid 1990s for wider sectoral applications with emphasis on citizen-centric services. The major ICT initiatives of the Government included, inter alia, some major projects such as railway computerization, land record computerization, etc. which focused mainly on the development of information systems. Later on, many states started ambitious individual e-governance projects aimed at providing electronic services to citizens.

Though these e-governance projects were citizen-centric, they could make less than the desired impact due to their limited features. The isolated and less interactive systems revealed major gaps that were thwarting the successful adoption of e-governance along the entire spectrum of governance. They clearly pointed towards the need for a more comprehensive planning and implementation for the infrastructure required to be put in place, interoperability issues to be addressed, etc. to establish a more connected government.

e-Kranti : National e-Governance Plan 2.0

The national level e-Governance programme called National e-Governance Plan was initiaited in 2006. There were 31 Mission Mode Projects under National e-Governance Plan covering a wide range of domains, viz. agriculture, land records, health, education, passports, police, courts, municipalities, commercial taxes, treasuries etc. 24 Mission Mode Projects have been implemented and started delivering either full or partial range of envisaged services. For more details click here

Considering the shortcomings in National e-Governance Plan that included lack of integration amongst Government applications and databases, low degree of government process reengineering, scope for leveraging emerging technologies like mobile, cloud…etc, Government of India has approved the e-Kranti programme recently with the vision of “Transforming e-Governance for Transforming Governance”.

All new and on-going eGovernance projects as well as the existing projects, which are being revamped, should now follow the key principles of e-Kranti namely ‘Transformation and not Translation’, ‘Integrated Services and not Individual Services’, ‘Government Process Reengineering (GPR) to be mandatory in every MMP’, ‘ICT Infrastructure on Demand’, ‘Cloud by Default’, ‘Mobile First’, ‘Fast Tracking Approvals’, ‘Mandating Standards and Protocols’, ‘Language Localization’, ‘National GIS (Geo-Spatial Information System)’, ‘Security and Electronic Data Preservation’.

The portfolio of Mission Mode Projects has increased from 31 to 44 MMPs. Many new social sector projects namely Women and Child Development, Social Benefits, Financial Inclusion, Urban Governance, eBhasha…etc have been added as new MMPs under e-Kranti.

Vision of Digital India

The vision of Digital India programme is to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.

Vision Areas of Digital India

The Digital India programme is centred on three key vision areas:

1. Digital Infrastructure as a Core Utility to Every Citizen

2. Governance and Services on Demand

3. Digital Empowerment of Citizens

Approach and Methodology for Digital India Programme are:

  1. Ministries / Departments / States would fully leverage the Common and Support ICT Infrastructure established by GoI. DeitY would also evolve/ lay down standards and policy guidelines, provide technical and handholding support, undertake capacity building, R&D, etc.
  2. The existing/ ongoing e-Governance initiatives would be suitably revamped to align them with the principles of Digital India. Scope enhancement, Process Reengineering, use of integrated & interoperable systems and deployment of emerging technologies like cloud & mobile would be undertaken to enhance the delivery of Government services to citizens.
  3. States would be given flexibility to identify for inclusion additional state-specific projects, which are relevant for their socio-economic needs.
  4. e-Governance would be promoted through a centralised initiative to the extent necessary, to ensure citizen centric service orientation, interoperability of various e-Governance applications and optimal utilisation of ICT infrastructure/ resources, while adopting a decentralised implementation model.
  5. Successes would be identified and their replication promoted proactively with the required productization and customisation wherever needed.
  6. Public Private Partnerships would be preferred wherever feasible to implement e-Governance projects with adequate management and strategic control.
  7. Adoption of Unique ID would be promoted to facilitate identification, authentication and delivery of benefits.
  8. Restructuring of NIC would be undertaken to strengthen the IT support to all government departments at Centre and State levels.
  9. The positions of Chief Information Officers (CIO) would be created in at least 10 key Ministries so that various e-Governance projects could be designed, developed and implemented faster. CIO positions will be at Additional Secretary/Joint Secretary level with over-riding powers on IT in the respective Ministry.

Program Management Structure for Digital India Program

  1. For effective management of the Digital India program, the program management structure would consists of a Monitoring Committee on Digital India headed by the Prime Minister, a Digital India Advisory Group chaired by the Minister of Communications and IT and an Apex Committee chaired by the Cabinet Secretary. The structure has the needed secretarial/ monitoring/ technical support and appropriate decentralization of power and responsibility to ensure effective execution of the various projects/ components by the implementing departments/ teams.
  2. Key components of the Programme Management structure would be as follows:
    1. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) for program level policy decisions.
    2. A Monitoring Committee on Digital India under the Chairperson ship of Prime Minister which will be constituted with representation drawn from relevant Ministries/ Departments to provide leadership, prescribe deliverables and milestones, and monitor periodically the implementation of the Digital India Program
    3. Digital India Advisory Group headed by the Minister of Communications and IT to solicit views of external stakeholders and to provide inputs to the Monitoring Committee on Digital India, advise the Government on policy issues and strategic interventions necessary for accelerating the implementation of the Digital India Program across Central and State Government Ministries/Departments. The composition of the Advisory Group would include representation from the Planning Commission and 8 to 9 representatives from States/UTs and other Line Ministries/Departments on a rotational basis.
    4. An Apex Committee headed by the Cabinet Secretary would be overseeing the program and providing policy and strategic directions for its implementation and resolving inter-ministerial issues. In addition it would harmonize and integrate diverse initiatives and aspects related to integration of services, end to end process re-engineering and service levels of MMPs and other initiatives under the Digital India Program, wherever required.
    5. Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC)/Committee on Non Plan Expenditure (CNE) to financially appraise/ approve projects as per existing delegation of financial powers. The EFC/ CNE headed by Secretary Expenditure would also be recommending to the CCEA the manner in which MMPs/ eGovernance initiatives are to be implemented, as well as the financial terms of participation for States. A representative of the Planning Commission would also be included in both the EFC and CNE.
    6. Council of Mission Leaders on Digital India headed by Secretary, DeitY would be established as a platform to share the best practices in various existing and new eGov initiatives under Digital India and also to sensitize various government departments about ICT projects of DeitY. While the inter-departmental, integration and interoperable issues of integrated projects / eGovernance initiatives would be resolved by the Apex Committee on Digital India headed by Cabinet Secretary, the technical issues of integrated projects would be resolved by the Council of Mission Leaders.
    7. Further, considering the scope of the Digital India Program and the need to look at issues such as overall technology architecture, framework, standards, security policy, funding strategy, service delivery mechanism, sharing of common infrastructure etc. at a program level, it is proposed that the technical appraisal of all Digital India projects be done by DeitY, prior to a project being placed before the EFC/ CNE. This appraisal would cover issues relating to inclusion of adoption of Standards, utilization of Cloud and mobile platforms, consideration of security aspects, etc. The Secretary, DeitY or his representative may also be included as a standing special invitee to all EFC/CNE meetings, which are appraising/approving MMPs. It may be mentioned that the DeitY has already set up a Programme Management Unit, namely National eGovernance Division (NeGD) to provide support to departments in conceptualizing, developing, appraising, implementing and monitoring respective MMPs / eGovernance Initiatives.
    8. Institutional mechanism of Digital India at State level would be headed by State Committee on Digital India by the Chief Minister. State/UT Apex Committees on Digital India headed by Chief Secretaries would be constituted at State/UT level to allocate required resources, set priority amongst projects and resolve inter-departmental issues at State level.
  3. For effective monitoring of Digital India, usage of Project Management Information System would be mandatory in each new and existing Mission Mode Projects to capture the real or near real time details about the progress of the project. This tool should be proficient enough to capture the parameters for each stage of project namely, conceptualization and development, implementation and post implementation. The parameters could be decided in consultation with various line Ministries / Departments and DeitY.
  4. Since the “e-Kranti: National eGovernance Plan 2.0” is already integrated with Digital India Programme, the existing programme management structure established for National eGovernance Plan at both national and state level has also been decided to be integrated appropriately with the programme management structure being envisaged for Digital India Programme at national and State/UT level.
Institutional Mechanism at National Level
Current Status
The Apex Committee on the Digital India program headed by the Cabinet Secretary and the Digital India Advisory Group chaired by the Minister of Communications and Information Techology has been constituted.

The first meeting of the Apex Committee on the Digital India program was held on 26.11.2014. The second meeting of the Apex Committee on the Digital India program was held on 09.02.2015. The actions on decisons made by the Apex Committee are being worked out.

Programme Management Structure for Digital India Programme

The programme management structure for Digital India consists of a Monitoring Committee on Digital India headed by the Prime Minister, a Digital India Advisory Group chaired by the Minister of Communications & IT and an Apex Committee chaired by the Cabinet Secretary.

Institutional Mechanism at National Level

The central ministries/departments and state governments concerned would have the overall responsibility for implementation of various Mission Mode and other projects under the Digital India Programme.
Please click here to read further details about the programme management structure including the role and responsibilities.
Programme Management Team at Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY)
NameMinistry / DepartmentTelephone
Smt. Aruna Sundararajan
e-mail: secretary[at]meity[dot]gov[dot]in
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
Dr. Ajay Kumar
Additional  Secretary
e-mail: ajay[at]meity[dot]gov[dot]in
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
Ms Anuradha Mitra
Joint Secretary and Financial Adviser
e-mail: faoffice.deity[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology+91-11-24363097(Office)
Shri Rajiv Kumar
Joint Secretary,
e-mail: rajiv.kmr[at]meity[dot]gov[dot]in
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
+91-11-24363101 (Fax)

Shri Sanjiv Mittal
Joint Secretary
e-mail: sanjiv[dot]mittal87[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology+91-11-24363075(Office)
Shri Rajiv Bansal
Joint Secretary
e-mail: rajiv.bansal[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology+91-11-24363114 (Office)
+91-11-24363119 (Fax)
+91-11-26103345 (Residence)
Shri R.K. Sudhanshu
Joint Secretary
e-mail: rksudhanshu[at]meity[dot]gov[dot]in
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology+91-11-24361951 (Office)
+91-11-24364743 (Fax)
Dr. Debashish Dutta
Scientist G and Group Coordinator
e-mail: dutta[at]meity[dot]gov[dot]in
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology+91-11-24364321(Office)
+91-11-27321729 (Residence)
Shri B. M. Baveja
Scientist G and Group Coordinator
e-mail: bmbaveja[at]meity[dot]gov[dot]in
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology+91-11-24363071 (Office)
+91-11-26197820 (Residence)
Shri B.J. Srinath 
Scientist-G and Group Coordinator
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology+91-11-24368544 (Office)
Programme Management Team at National e-Governance Division (NeGD)
NameMinistry / DepartmentTelephone
Ms. S. Radha Chauhan
President and CEO
email : ceo[at]negp[dot]gov[dot]in
National e-Governance Division, MeitY+91-11-3048-1637
Shri Vinay Thakur
email: vinay[at]
National e-Governance Division, ,MeitY
Shri Akilur Rahman
Sr. Consultant
email: akilur.rahman[at]negp[dot]gov[dot]in
National e-Governance Division, MeitY011-30481-653 (Office)
Shri Bramhanand Jha
Sr. Consultant
email: bramhanand.jha[at]negp[dot]gov[dot]in
National e-Governance Division, MeitY+91-11-30481655 (Office)
Shri Tushar Rai
Sr. Consultant
email: tushar[at]negp[dot]gov[dot]in
National e-Governance Division, MeitY+91-11-30481648(Office)
Mission Leaders/Nodal Officers
NameMinistry / DepartmentTelephone
Sh. Alok Saxena
e-mail: aloksaxena02[at]gmail[dot]com, ddgpmu2013[at]gmail[dot]com
Department of Posts+91-11-23096088(Office)
011-23096044 (Fax)
Sh. Pawan Kumar Gupta
Director (IT)
e-mail: dir-dac[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Agriculture & Co-operation+91-11-23382385(Office)
Sh. Avinash Joshi
Joint Secretary
e-mail: avinashp[dot]joshi[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals+91-11-23383756(Office)
Sh. Muktesh K. Pardeshi
Joint Secretary (PSP) & CPO
e-mail: jscpo[at]mea[dot]gov[dot]in
Ministry of External Affairs+91-11-23387013, +91-11-23384530(Office)
Shri Ranjan Kumar
Economic Advisor
e-mail: ea-dfs[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Financial Services +91-11-23745128(Office)
Sh. Kumar Alok
Joint Secretary (MHA)
e-mail: k[dot]alok[at]gov[dot]in, jscs[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Home +91-11-23438100(Office)
Sh. Praveen Garg
Joint Secretary
e-mail: praveen(dot)garg(at)nic(dot)in
Department of School Education & Literacy +91-11-23388632(Office)
Sh. M K Singh
Joint Secretary (P&A)
e-mail: singhmk2[at]ias[dot]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting+91-11-23384453 (Office)
Sh. Prasanth Ku Ponugoti
e-mail: prasanth[dot]ponugoti[at]gov[dot]in
Department of Justice+91-11-23072145 (Fax)
Sh. Satish Kumar
Joint Secretary (IT)
e-mail: satish[at]arpg[dot]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Power +91-11-23716020(Office)
Dr. Sandeep Dave
Joint Secretary
e-mail: jswm-dolr[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting+91-11-23062454 (Office)
Ms. Usha Sharma
Addl Director General
Ministry of Tourism+91-11-23718663 (Office)
Shri Onkar Kedia
Joint Secretary(Sports)
Department of Youth Affairs +91-11-23381025, 9868949110 (Office)
+91-11-23388135 (Fax)
Sh. KVR Murty
Joint Secretary
Ministry for Corporate Affairs+011-23389088, 23072313(Office)
Shri Udai Singh Kumawat
DGIT(Systems) & CPO
e-mail: jsrev[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Revenue011-23094595(Office)
e-mail: jscpo[at]mea[dot]gov[dot]in
Ministry for External Affairs011-23384497(Office)
Mohammad Mustafa
Joint Secretary (Banking)
Department of Financial Services011-23745128(Office)
Sh. Devendra Chaudhry
Addl. Secretary (ARC)
e-mail: dch-darpg[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances+011-23741004(Office)
Sh. Rajesh Aggarwal
Joint Secretary (Insurance Projects)
e-mail: jsfi-dfs[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Financial Services+011-23748701 (Office)
011-23367702 (Fax)
Ms. Vandana Sharma
Joint Secretary (Pensions)
e-mail: vandana[dot]sa[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Pension & Pensioner's Welfare011-24625540 (Office)
011-24624802 (Fax)
Sh. V Vumlunmang
Joint Secretary (Foreigners)
e-mail: jsf[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Home Affairs011-23438034 (Office)
011-23383075 (Fax)
Sh. D.P. Dash
ADG(System & Data Management)
e-mail: debi[dot]dash[at]icegate[dot]gov[dot]in
Department of Revenue011-26877959 (Office)
011-26877958 (Fax)
Sh. Vijay S Madan
D.G & Mission Director
UIDAI+011-23752675, 011-23466835 (Office)
011-23752675 (Fax)
Sh. Atul Kaushik
Joint Secretary (J1)
Department of Justice011-23385020 (Office)
011-23384516 (Fax)
Ms Ravneet Kaur
Joint Secretary
e-mail: jsii-dipp[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion011-23063838(Office)
Sh. Pravin Chandekar
e-mail: pravin.chandekar[at]gov[dot]in
Department of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY)011-24301716(Office)
Ms. Kavita Bhatia
Addl[dot] Director
e-mail: kbhatia[at]gov[dot]in
Department of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY)011-24301999(Office)
Sh. Ravi Capoor
Joint Secy
e-mail: ravi[dot]capoor[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Commerce011-23063315 (Office)
Sh. H S Meena 
Joint Secy
e-mail: hukummeena65[at]gmail[dot]com
Department of Land Resources011-23044634 (direct)
011-23062351 (Fax)
Sh. Sanjay Bandopadhya
Joint Secretary (Transport)
e-mail: sanjay[dot]bando[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways011-23351061 (Office)
011-23753804 (Fax)
Mr. Sanjeev Gupta
Joint Secy.
e-mail: gupta[dot]sanjeev[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry for Agriculture011-23382454 (Office)
011-23388656 (Fax)
Sh. Kumar Alok
Joint Secy. (C.S)
e-mail: jscs[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Home Affairs9999048418 (Office)
011-23093410 (Fax)
Sh. G C Murmu
Joint Director
e-mail: bhawan[dot]cg[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Expenditure011-23095691 (Office)
011-23752675 (Fax)
Shri Pravin Srivastava
e-mail: pravin[dot]srivastava[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Labour and Employment011-23350896 (direct)
011-23350896 (Fax)
Sh. Uday Singh Kumawat
Joint Secy.
e-mail: jsrev[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Revenue011-23094595 (Office)
011-23094595 (Fax)
Sh. Sushil Kumar
Joint Secy.
e-mail: js[dot]epri-mopr[at]nic[dot]in
Ministry of Panchayati Raj011-23753818 (Office)
011-23356128 (Fax)
Sh. Deepak Kumar
Joint Secy.
e-mail: jspd[dot]fpd[at]nic[dot]in
Department of Food and Public Distribution011-23384308 (Office)
011-23070239 (Fax)
Sh. Nikunj Dhall
Joint Secy. (MoH&FW)
e-mail: nbdhal[at]gmail[dot]com
Department of Health & Family Welfare011-23063687, 23061706 (Office)
011-23063687 (Fax)

How Digital India will be realized: Pillars of Digital India

Digital India is an umbrella programme that covers multiple Government Ministries and Departments. It weaves together a large number of ideas and thoughts into a single, comprehensive vision so that each of them can be implemented as part of a larger goal. Each individual element stands on its own, but is also part of the larger picture. Digital India is to be implemented by the entire Government with overall coordination being done by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY). Digital India aims to provide the much needed thrust to the nine pillars of growth areas, namely Broadband Highways, Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity, Public Internet Access Programme, e-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology, e-Kranti - Electronic Delivery of Services, Information for All, Electronics Manufacturing, IT for Jobs and Early Harvest Programmes. Each of these areas is a complex programme in itself and cuts across multiple Ministries and Departments.
Pillars of Digital IndiaPublic Internet Access Programmee-Governance – Reforming Government through TechnologyUniversal Access to Mobile ConnectivityeKranti - Electronic delivery of servicesInformation for AllElectronics ManufacturingIT for JobsEarly Harvest ProgrammesBroadband Highways

Implementation Approach

All the initiatives, including establishing and expanding core ICT infrastructure, delivery of services ...etc under the Digital India programme have definitive completion time targets. Majority of the initiatives are planned to be realized within the next three years. The initiatives planned for early completion (“Early Harvest Programmes”) and citizen communication initiatives (“Information for All”) have already started going live and are being completed.
The Digital India programme aims at pulling together many existing schemes. These schemes will be restructured, revamped and re-focused and will be implemented in a synchronized manner. Many elements are only process improvements with minimal cost implications. The common branding of programmes as Digital India highlights their transformative impact. While implementing this programme, there would be wider consultations across government, industry, civil society, and citizens to discuss various issues to arrive at innovative solutions for achieving the desired outcomes of Digital India. DeitY has already launched a digital platform named as “myGov” ( to facilitate collaborative and participative governance. Moreover, several consultations and workshops have been organized to discuss the implementation approach of the vision areas of Digital India.